What are vitamins: Vitamins are one of the “5 major nutrients” necessary for humans to live, along with carbohydrates, fats, proteins, lipids, and minerals. Vitamins are a general term for organic compounds and are all chemical substances that are initially expressed in chemical formulas.
- 1 What are vitamins? Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble Vitamins
- 1.1 Discovering the Benefits of Vitamins
- 1.2 Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble Vitamins
- 1.3 Provitamin (vitamin precursor)
What are vitamins? Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble Vitamins
What are vitamins: Its function is to help when the carbohydrates (carbohydrates), proteins, and lipids, which are the “three major nutrients”, change to energy in the body and the body structure such as muscles and skin.
It is also indispensable for the activity of 60 trillion cells of humans. And internally we are making a change. In other words, humans must live.
Most of these vitamins need to be taken primarily from food (vegetables, fruits, meat, etc.) because the body can’t form them.
When vitamins are deficient, the “Three Major Nutrients” and cells do not work well, causing various adverse effects on the body.
So vitamins are one of the “5 major nutrients”, even though they are “trace essential nutrients”.
Currently, there are 20 types of vitamins that have been confirmed, but 13 of them are said to be particularly significant and in demand. Of course, some of them still don’t understand how they work.
Discovering the Benefits of Vitamins
The history of vitamins! “A little bit of knowledge!
It was Japanese who first discovered vitamins in the world and introduced them to the world! In 1910, Suzuki Umetaro discovered oryzalin (vitamin B1) and published it in a paper in the world.
When it was translated into German, it didn’t attract attention worldwide because there was no one line saying “This is a new nutrient”.
Long as and when recognized all over the world that, name a had been allowed to say “Orizanin” rather than a vitamin I was also potential.
Also, in Japan, the military officers at that time did not accept it, so there was not much attention in the country. The top of the army doctor is Mori Ogai, who is famous for the writer.
If he doesn’t get in the way. This person has a bad reputation. To improve his stance as he advocated Mr Suzuki, it would be better to eat wheat. If you don’t refute it, the number of people who die from the struggle in Japan would have decreased significantly.
Besides, he continued to deny new opinions in the medical community. Without his negative opinions and actions, the Japanese medical community had the Nobel Prize and various Discoveries.
Well, this is still. Then Umetaro Suzuki, etc. or to contribute to the now of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research of the establishment, after the culture Isao are chapter awarded.
Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble Vitamins
Among them, there are water-soluble vitamins that are soluble in water and fat-soluble vitamins that are soluble in fat.
・ Water-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins are easily dissolved in water, so they seem to absorb well at first glance, but because they are easily dissolved in water, they are quickly drained out of the body together with moisture such as sweat and urine, so it is necessary always to be careful.
On the contrary, even if you take too much, it will be discharged outside the body, so there is no need to worry about the effects of taking too much.
Besides, it is necessary to pay attention to any foods such as meat, fish, and vegetables that can be washed away with water, and vitamins can be washed away quickly or easily lost due to overheating during cooking.
In particular, vitamin B is a vitamin group that is easy to lose, so it is essential to supplement with vitamins daily
9 water-soluble vitamins are found in the human diet
- Vitamin B1,
- Vitamin B2,
- Vitamin B6,
- Vitamin B12,
- Biotin (Vitamin H),
- Niacin (Vitamin B3),
- Folate (or, Vitamin B9) (folacin)
- Patetothenic Acid (Vitamin B5),
- Vitamin C
・ Fat soluble vitamins
Fat-soluble vitamins are natural to dissolve in fats, so they are well adapted to cells. They are absorbed and stored in the body and work as needed, so deficiency is unlikely to occur. Vitamin E is difficult to accumulate, so don’t worry, but vitamins A, D, and K need attention.
Also, because it is easy to dissolve in fat, foo can be consumed efficiently by cooking with oil.
4 Fat-soluble vitamins
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
Provitamin (vitamin precursor)
Provitamin (vitamin precursor) other vitamins are called provitamins (vitamin precursors), which are not vitamins when they are contained in food, but they can be converted into vitamins when they enter the body.
Some of them are named vitamins, but if you divide them finely, they are not vitamins. Vitamin B15 and vitamin F.
But these are all vitamins.
- Inositol orotate
- P-aminobenzoic acid
- vitamin F
- vitamin B15
- pyrroloquinoline quinone
- ubiquinone riboic acid